Cochabamba Agro Forestry Ecosystem

Cochabamba, Bolivia

The project approach is reforestation through small-scale forestry plantations with local farm families. The goal is to restore and protect forest ecosystems and provide assistance to local people in order to improve their agriculture methods.

An important aspect of this project is the defense of areas on the frontline of deforestation. By providing farmers with sustainable means for their own subsistence, it breaks the vicious cycle of slash and burn at the edges of the Amazon rainforest.

The plantation is very diverse, with mixed areas dedicated to hardwood trees, conservation areas and agroforestry. This allows the creation of a biodiverse environment where farmers can also grow crops and coffee and rear animals for their own consumption.

The project is developed by ArBolivia together with local rural smallholders and generates economic resources and equal benefits for all parts involved. Farmers are treated as partners: a consultative approach is adopted with farmers having the ultimate say on what is planted and harvested.

In fact, the project is independently certified by Plan Vivo, which is a framework for supporting communities to manage their natural resources more sustainably, with a view to generating climate, livelihood and ecosystem benefits.

Plan Vivo is also the only forestry carbon accounting standard which always requires projects to have detailed plans for direct payments to smallholders and community groups.

Location: Bolivia

The project develops in buffer zones of the Amboró-Madidi Corridor in the Cochabamba region, between the Andes and the Amazon rainforest.

The area was historically subjected to migration from the Andean valleys and the highlands. The newcomer families afflicted by poverty used to burn the forests in order to obtain fertile agricultural and raise cattle.

Project Objectives

  • Enable poor farmers to better manage their land.
  • Protect the rainforest from further encroachment.
  • Eradicate poverty that leads to slash and burn farming.
  • Create biodiverse environments.
Read more about the Plan Vivo Standard

Planting progress

Project Stories

Species Planted in Cochabamba


CO2 offset capacity 150kg (why)

Social Value:

Theobroma Cacao is an evergreen tree whose fruits and flowers grow directly from its trunk. It has been widely cultivated in Mesoamerica for at least 2000 years, where indigenous peoples used to make hot chocolate drinks from mashed cocoa seeds.

Other than for chocolate making, cocoa has a variety of beneficial qualities, such as lowering blood pressure, treating digestive and chest complaints and prevention of heart disease.

Height: 3 to 9 meters


CO2 offset capacity 175kg (why)

Social Value:

Citrus Reticulata is an evergreen tree native to Southeastern Asia that has been introduced to Europe by the Portuguese. Its white flowers are very fragrant, usually attracting hoards of honey bees.

Mandarin fruits are sweet and rich in vitamin C, dietary fibres, acids and volatile oils.

Height: up to 6 meters


CO2 offset capacity 175kg (why)

Social Value:

Citrus Sinensis is a hybrid, between pomelo (Citrus Maxima) and mandarin (Citrus Reticulata), known in China since 25th century BC. They are among the most widely cultivated trees in the world, with dozens of varieties.

Orange fruit has excellent nutritious and antioxidant properties and is a source of vitamin C.

Height: 8 to 15 meters


CO2 offset capacity 250kg (why)

Social Value:

Persea Americana is native to central America, records of its usage occur from 7000 BC in Mexico and was cultivated from the Rio Grande to central Peru long before the arrival of Europeans.

Avocado, its fruit, is rich in vitamins B, K, C, E and potassium. It is a very common everyday food in tropical Americas.

Height: up to 15 meters

Palo María

CO2 offset capacity 300kg (why)

Social Value:

Calophyllum Brasiliense is an evergreen tree, known since pre-Columbian times; the generic name derives from the Greek words kalos: beautiful and phyllon: leaf, which refers to the beauty of its leaves.

In traditional medicine, its latex is used against ulcers, gastritis, sunburns and as a skin cicatrizant.

Its root system raises the phreatic sheet, recoups and fertilizes the ground and thus benefits the surrounding forest.

Height: 20 to 50 meters


CO2 offset capacity 300kg (why)

Social Value:

Centrolobium Tomentosum is a suitable tree species for agroforestry systems for the rapid growth of the crown and the supply of nutrients to the soil through the decomposition of leaves, flowers, fruits and branches.

It may be associated with species that need to regulate their temperature and grow with the help of partial shade. Surrounding trees can get greater access to nutrients, a fact which guarantees better quality and greater quantity of fruit produced.

Height: up to 30 meters


CO2 offset capacity 350kg (why)

Social Value:

Mangifera Indica is a large, evergreen tree native to India and already known to the Ayurvedic medical system. It has been brought to America in the 16th century.

Its fruit, Mango, is one of the most popular of all tropical fruits, with antidiabetic, anti-oxidant, anti-viral, cardiotonic, hypotensive and anti-inflammatory properties.

Height: 3 to 6 meters, up to 30 meters

Palo Román

CO2 offset capacity 500kg (why)

Social Value:

Tapirira Guianensis is an evergreen tree, present in alluvial forest, Amazon forest and humid montane forest on a variety of soils and topography.

It has a conical crown and a dense, light green foliage. Flowers from October to November and fruits from November to January. The fruits are dispersed by animals.

Leaves are a widely-used herbal medicine and it provides shading to other trees.

Height: up to 35 meters